– Ở hầu hết kỳ thi chứng chỉ quốc tế nào, một trong những nguyên nhân khiến thí sinh lo ngại nhất phải kể đến chính là từ vựng. Cùng điểm qua 200 từ vựng khó nhất trong bài thi ACT qua bài viết này nhé.

Bài viết liên quan:
Học ACT nên chọn tài liệu của Kaplan hay The Princeton Review?
Chương trình ôn luyện cấp tốc chứng chỉ ACT
Cách đăng ký thi ACT tại Việt Nam

Từ vựng ACT đem lại khó khăn gì?

Để có thể kiểm soát tốt thời gian làm bài, bạn cần nắm chắc lượng từ vựng để có thể đọc hiểu nhanh yêu cầu đề bài và trình bày cách diễn đạt của mình sao cho đúng đề và ăn trọn điểm. Nhưng không mấy thí sinh cảm thấy việc trau dồi từ vựng ACT là dễ dàng, tại sao vậy? 

Khác với các chứng chỉ quốc tế ngoại ngữ như IELTS, TOEIC, TOEFL,…chứng chỉ học thuật ACT là điều kiện tiên quyết khi xét tuyển vào các trường Đại học của Mỹ. Mặc dù bạn đã có vốn tiếng Anh cơ bản, nhưng rèn luyện ACT thường gây cho bạn những khó khăn như:

  • Lượng từ vựng nhiều: Chỉ trau dồi từ vựng cơ bản dành cho giao tiếp thông thường là chưa đủ cho bạn thi ACT. Từ vựng ACT vừa có số lượng nhiều vừa học thuật nên khiến thí sinh gặp khó khăn trong việc áp dụng vào thực tế và dễ quên nếu không được trau dồi thường xuyên.
  • Từ vựng phải đi kèm với ngữ cảnh: Dù bài thi ACT chỉ kiểm tra từ vựng ở mức độ trung bình đến khó nhưng nếu bạn chỉ biết nghĩa chung chung của từ là chưa đủ. ACT yêu cầu thí sinh hiểu rõ đối với từng ngữ cảnh, từ vựng sẽ mang ý nghĩa và độ phù hợp ra sao. Ngoài ra, ACT còn kiểm tra khả năng ngôn ngữ của thí sinh thông qua các thành ngữ, do đó, thí sinh luôn trong tình trạng chật vật khi học lượng từ vựng nhiều và đa nghĩa, đa ngữ của ACT. 

Vậy đâu là 200 từ vựng khó nhất trong bài thi ACT khiến nhiều thí sinh hoang mang nhất?

Xem thêm: Phương pháp học Toán bằng tiếng Anh

200 từ vựng khó nhất trong bài thi ACT

Xem thêm: IB Biology có thực sự khó?

  1. abbreviate (v): shorten, abridge
  2. abstinence (n): act of refraining from
  3. adhere (v): to stick to a surface or substance [or] to follow a practice or belief
  4. adulation (n): high praise
  5. aesthetic (adj): pertaining to beauty
  6. amicable (adj): agreeable
  7. anachronistic (adj): out-of-date
  8. anecdote (v): short account of event
  9. anonymous (adj): nameless
  10. antagonist (n): opponent
  11. anticipate (v): to regard as probable [or] to expect or predict
  12. arid (adj): extremely dry
  13. assiduous (adj): hard-working
  14. asylum (adj): sanctuary
  15. benevolent (adj): friendly, helpful
  16. camaraderie (n): trust among friends
  17. censure (n): to criticize harshly
  18. characteristic (adj): a special quality of a person, thing, or group
  19. circuitous (adj): indirect, roundabout
  20. clairvoyant (n): able to see the future
  21. collaborate (v): to work together
  22. compromise (v): to settle differences
  23. condescending (adj): patronizing
  24. conditional (adj): provisional, contingent
  25. conformist (n): follower of customs
  26. convergence (n): joining of parts
  27. critical (adj): expressing criticism or disapproval
  28. deleterious (adj): harmful
  29. demagogue (n): rabble-rousing leader
  30. differentiate (v): to recognize what makes someone or something different
  31. digression (n): straying from the main point
  32. diligent (adj): hard-working
  33. disdain to regard with scorn
  34. divergent (adj): variant, moving apart
  35. empathy (n): sharing of feelings
  36. emulate (v): follow an example
  37. enervating (adj): tiring, weakening
  38. ephemeral (adj): momentary, fleeting
  39. evanescent (adj): short-lived, as an image
  40. exemplary (adj): outstanding
  41. extenuating (adj): guilt diminishing
  42. florid (adj): flushed, ornate
  43. fortuitous (adj): lucky
  44. frugal (adj): thrifty
  45. glaring (adj): giving or reflecting a strong light, very obvious or conspicuous
  46. hackneyed (adj): overused, cliched
  47. haughty (adj): arrogant, condescending
  48. hedonist (n): pleasure seeker
  49. hypothesis (n): theory requiring proof
  50. impetuous (adj): rash, impulsive
  51. impute to attribute to someone
  52. incompatible (adj): unable to work together
  53. inconsequential (adj): trivial
  54. inevitable (adj): unavoidable, certain
  55. intrepid (adj): fearless, adventurous
  56. intuitive (adj): instinctive, untaught
  57. jubilation (n): joy, exultation
  58. justify (v): to show or prove to be right
  59. lobbyist (n): persuader of legislators
  60. longevity (n): long life
  61. mundane (adj): ordinary, common
  62. nonchalant (adj): calm, casual
  63. novice (n): beginner
  64. omit (v): to intentionally leave something or someone out
  65. opulent (adj): wealthy
  66. orator (n): speaker
  67. ostentatious (adj): displaying wealth
  68. parched (adj): dried up
  69. perfidious (adj): disloyal
  70. precocious (adj): talented beyond one’s age
  71. pretentious (adj): pompous, self-important
  72. prosaic (adj): run-of-the-mill
  73. provocative (adj): inflammatory
  74. prudent (adj): wise, careful, cautious
  75. querulous (adj): irritable
  76. rancorous (adj): hateful
  77. reclusive (adj): withdrawn, hermit-like
  78. reconciliation (n): agreement after a quarrel
  79. redundant (adj): no longer useful
  80. relevant (adj): appropriate to the matter at hand
  81. renovation (n): state of being renewed
  82. resilient (adj): quick to recover
  83. restrained (adj): controlled, restricted
  84. reverence (n): profound respect
  85. sagacity (n): wisdom
  86. scrutinize (v): to observe carefully
  87. spontaneity (n): impulsive action
  88. spurious (adj): phony, false
  89. substantiate (v): to verify, confirm
  90. superficial (adj): lacking in depth
  91. superfluous (adj): more than enough
  92. surreptitious (adj): secret, stealthy
  93. tactful (adj): diplomatic, polite
  94. tenacious (adj): persistent, resolute
  95. transient (adj): temporary, fleeting
  96. trivial (adj): of small value or importance
  97. uniform (n): not changing in form or character
  98. venerable (adj): respectable due to age
  99. vindicate (v): to clear from blame
  100. wary (adj): watchful, alert
  101. infer (v): deduce or conclude (information) from evidence and reasoning rather than from clear statements (inference)
  102. integrate (v): combine one thing with another so that they become a whole
  103. intuition (n): the ability to understand something immediately, a ‘gut feeling’
  104. lack (v): be without or deficient in
  105. latent (adj): existing but not yet developed or obvious; hidden; concealed
  106. lethargic (adj): sluggish and apathetic
  107. mere (adj): used to emphasize how small or insignificant someone or something is
  108. minute (adj): extremely small (pronounced MY-noot)
  109. mishap (n): an unlucky accident
  110. nostalgia (n): a sentimental longing or affection for the past
  111. notion (n): a conception of or belief about something
  112. obsolete (adj): no longer produced or used; out of date
  113. obstruct (v): to be or get in the way of; prevent; hinder
  114. omit (v): leave out or exclude (someone or something), either intentionally or
  115. forgetfully
  116. orient (v): align or position something relative to a known point or landmark
  117. paradox (n): an idea that despite sound (or apparently sound) reasoning from acceptable premises
  118. perpetual (adj): occurring repeatedly; so frequent as to seem endless and uninterrupted
  119. ponder (v): think about something carefully
  120. potent (adj): having great power, influence, or effect
  121. precede (v): (1) come before (something) in time (2) come before in order or
  122. position* (preceding)
  123. predate (v): exist or occur at a date earlier than something
  124. principle (n): a fundamental truth or proposition that serves as the foundation for a system of belief or behavior
  125. proficient (adj): competent or skilled in doing or using something
  126. profound (adj): (1) very great or intense* (2). having or showing great knowledge or insight
  127. pungent (adj): having an intensely strong taste or smell
  128. redundant (adj): not or no longer needed or useful
  129. relevant (adj): closely connected or appropriate to the matter at hand (antonym: irrelevant)
  130. resent (v): feel bitterness or slight anger at a circumstance, action, or person
  131. rudimentary (adj): 1. involving or limited to basic principles 2. of or relating to an immature, undeveloped, or basic form*
  132. sensory (adj): of or relating to sensation or the physical senses; transmitted or perceived by the senses
  133. skeptical (adj): not easily convinced; having doubts or reservations
  134. solemn (adj): formal and dignified; serious
  135. static (adj): lacking in movement, action, or change
  136. superlative (adj): of the highest quality or degree
  137. sustainable (adj): (1) able to be maintained at a certain rate or level (2) conserving an ecological balance by avoiding depletion of natural resources*
  138. trait (n): a distinguishing quality or characteristic
  139. trivial (adj): of little value or importance
  140. (un)realized (adj): give actual or physical form to (unrealized: not given form to, such as ‘unrealized plans’ to have a picnic on a rainy day)
  141. void (n): a completely empty space
  142. wholly (adv): entirely; fully
  143. abundant (adj):  existing or available in large quantities; plentiful
  144. altitude (n): the height of an object or point in relation to sea level or ground level
  145. attribute (n): a quality or feature regarded as a characteristic or inherent part of someone or something
  146. characteristic (adj): typical of a particular person, place, or thing
  147. combustion (n): the process of burning something
  148. conduct(ivity) (v): transmit a form of energy such as heat or electricity (conductivity: the effectiveness of a material at conducting energy)
  149. correspond (v): have a close similarity; match or agree almost exactly
  150. decelerate (v): reduce the speed of; lose velocity; move more slowly
  151. deposition (n): the process of some substance being naturally deposited somewhere
  152. distinguish (v): recognize or treat (someone or something) as different
  153. efficient (adj):  being effective without wasting time or effort or expense; able to accomplish a purpose; functioning effectively
  154. emit (v): give off, send forth, or discharge; as of light, heat, or radiation, vapor, etc.
  155. erode (v): remove soil or rock; become ground down or deteriorate
  156. evolution (n): a process in which something passes by degrees to a different stage (especially a more advanced or mature stage)
  157. exert (v): put to use; make a great effort at a mental or physical task
  158. exhibit (v): show an attribute, property, knowledge, or skill; to show, make visible or apparent
  159. fuse (v): mix together different elements; join 
  160. gauge (v): measure precisely and against a standard; determine the capacity, volume, or contents of by measurement and calculation
  161. given (adj): specified or stated: Students’ understanding of any given topic.
  162. hypothesis (n): a tentative theory about the natural world; a concept that is not yet
  163. verified but that if true would explain certain facts or phenomena
  164. incremental (adj): increasing gradually by regular degrees or additions
  165. intact (adj): undamaged in any way; whole
  166. interval (n): the distance between things; a definite length of time marked off by two instants
  167. larvae (n): the active immature form of an insect, especially one that differs greatly from the adult and forms the stage between egg and pupa, e.g., a caterpillar or grub.
  168. latter (n): the second of two or the second mentioned of two
  169. mass (n): the quantity of matter that something contains
  170. maturation (n): coming to full development; becoming mature
  171. onset (n): the beginning or early stages
  172. precipitation (n): the falling to earth of any form of water (rain or snow or hail or sleet or mist)
  173. prolong (v): lengthen or extend in duration or space directly proportional
  174. prolong (adj): inversely proportional
  175. prolong (adj): a relationship between two connected amounts, factors or quantities in which an increase in one causes a decrease in the other
  176. residual (adj): relating to or indicating a remainder; something left after other parts have been taken away
  177. solution (n): a homogeneous mixture of two or more substances; frequently (but not necessarily) a liquid solution
  178. substrate (n): any substance or layer lying underneath another; a surface on which an organism grows or is attached; the substance that is acted upon by an enzyme or ferment
  179. trial (n): a specific experiment or set of experiments within a larger context
  180. uniform (adj): evenly spaced; always the same; showing a single form or character in all occurrences
  181. variable (n): in an experiment: an element, feature, or factor that is changed within the experiment to determine its effects
  182. devoid (adj): entirely lacking or free from
  183. diffuse (adj): spread out over a large area; not concentrated
  184. digress (v): leave the main subject temporarily in speech or writing 
  185. diminish (v): make or become less
  186. discrepancy (n): a lack of compatibility or similarity between two or more facts
  187. (dis)inclined (adj): willing or positive about an action, belief, or attitude (disinclined: unwilling or negative about something)
  188. dismay (v): consternation and distress, typically that caused by something unexpected
  189. disposition (n): (1) a person’s inherent qualities of mind and character* (2) an inclination or tendency
  190. dynamic (adj): characterized by constant change, activity, or progress
  191. eclipse (n): a loss of significance, power, or prominence in relation to another person or thing
  192. emerge (v): become apparent, important, or prominent
  193. eminent (adj): famous and respected within a particular sphere or profession
  194. engage (v): (1) occupy, attract, or involve (someone’s interest or attention) (2) (engage someone in) cause someone to become involved in (a conversation or discussion) (3) (engage in) participate or become involved in*
  195. engross (v): absorb all the attention or interest of
  196. ethereal (adj): extremely delicate and light in a way that seems too perfect for this world
  197. evolve (v): develop gradually, especially from a simple to a more complex form
  198. exploit (v): (1) make full use of and derive benefit from* (2) use a situation or person in an unfair or selfish way
  199. facilitate (v): make an action or process easy or easier
  200. feign (v): pretend to be affected by a feeling, state, or injury
  201. fleeting (adj): lasting for a very short time
Xem thêm: TP.HCM có trung tâm dạy Khoa học bằng tiếng Anh không? – Nơi chia sẻ tất tần tật kinh nghiệm về các kỳ thi Test Prep như SSAT, SAT, ACT, GMAT, GRE… cho học sinh chuẩn bị bước vào con đường du học. Mọi thắc mắc xin liên hệ trực tiếp, qua email hoặc hotline để được tư vấn miễn phí.

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